The sustainability of RFF is created in the value chain: the use of sustainably produced renewable carbon instead of fossil carbon. The carbon bound in wood is further stored in products made from RFF, especially in applications with a long service life such as rubber and durable plastics. CO2 is stored in durable materials for a long time which is beneficial for the climate. Recycling and reuse of rubber and plastics further extend the time period during which the atmospheric carbon is stored. RFF based products are ready to be used in existing recycling approaches with the added benefit of being free of Policyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). But also at the end of life of any product containing RFF, the positive climate effect of RFF is ensured as the CO2 emitted during the energetic use of RFF is originating in a renewable resource and therefore no additional CO2 is released to the atmosphere.